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Geopolitics: Canada

Par   •  10 Octobre 2018  •  1 303 Mots (6 Pages)  •  79 Vues

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foreign sources of natural gas. Domestic LNG is produced, liquefied and stored in North America. Marine, or imported LNG, is foreign-produced natural gas, which is liquefied abroad and transported to North America via ocean tankers.

North America accounts for a relatively small portion of worldwide LNG demand, as it is largely self-sufficient in terms of natural gas production. In 2012, Canadian imports of LNG accounted for less than 1% of global LNG imports, while the United States accounted for just over 1% of global LNG imports.

Shale gas

By 2014, oil from sealed reserves was more than 10% Of Canada’s total crude oil production. However, in Canada, the development of oil reservoirs is still in its infancy; The extent to which these resources can be produced remains to be determined.

Canadian Production

The production of shale is growing, helping to offset the reduction in conventional production. By 2014, shale gas was The National Energy Board expects that the joint production of shale gas and leak gas will be 80% Of Canada’s natural gas production by 2035.

Shale gas resources are found in almost all provinces and territories. Most of the current production activities are in the north-east of British Columbia, in the Montney Formation. Among the major shale and reservoir formations in Canada are:

• Muskwa, Otter Park and Evie

• Evie, Muskwa and Otter Park

• Muskwa and Besa River

• Montney

• Duvernay

• Kettle Point

• Utica

• Frederick Brook

• Horton Bluff

• Canol

Renewable energy

Key information’s:

• Because of its vast size and diverse geography, Canada has significant renewable resources that can be used to generate energy; These resources include moving water, biomass, and wind, solar, geothermal and marine energies.

• Canada is one of the world’s largest users and producers of renewable energy. Renewable energy sources currently account for approximately 18.9% of Canada’s total primary energy supply.

• Water movement is Canada’s most important source of renewable energy, providing approximately 59.3% of Canadian electricity. In fact, Canada is the second largest hydroelectric producer in the world.

• Wind power is the second largest source of renewable energy in Canada. The wind accounts for 13.5% of the electricity produced in Canada.

• Biomass is the third largest source of renewable energy in Canada. Its share of electricity generation in Canada is 1.4%. • The growth of wind and solar energy is the highest in Canada.

Bioenergy

Bioenergy is various forms of usable energy from materials called biomass. Biomass is a solid, liquid or gaseous biological material that has stored sunlight in the form of chemical energy.

By the end of 2014, there were 70 bioenergy plants with a total electricity generation capacity of 2,043 megawatts, the majority of which focused on the use of wood biomass and waste liquor, and Of landfill gas. In 2014, 8.7 gigawatt hours of electricity were generated from wood residues, waste liquor, landfill gas and municipal solid waste. Most of biomass combustion capacity is located in provinces with significant forestry operations: British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec, Alberta and New Brunswick.

The Canadian Forest Industry

Forests are an important source of wealth for Canadians, providing them with a wide range of economic, social and environmental benefits. In 2013, forest sector output accounted for $ 19.8 billion - or 1.25% - of Canada’s real gross domestic product (GDP). In the global context, Canada has the world’s largest trade balance of forest products - C $ 19.3 billion (2013) - a position it has held since reliable trade statistics are compiled. Other countries can produce several products, but none have a greater net benefit from trade in forest products than Canada. Moreover, the gap between Canada and the second country in terms of the importance of the trade balance (Sweden) has been steadily increasing since 2009.

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